The castle of Ventadour’s history is full of significant events. Over more than 900 years, these events have contributed to the legend and fame of the name Ventadour and this castle.
Discover, in a few dates, the castle of Ventadour’s history …
Archambault II, lord of Comborn, shares his fief between his two sons. Archambault III inherits the castle of Comborn, cradle of the family, and Ebles 1st settles in Ventadour. He becomes the first Viscount of Ventadour.
Ventadour shines with its Occitan poetry. Ebles II, viscount of Ventadour, receives a visit from Guillaume 9th of Aquitaine, considered one of the precursors of the trobar art. The castle is the place of birth of one of the greatest poets of his time: Bernart de Ventadour!
King Philippe VI of Valois rewards Bernard de Ventadour for his participation in the wars against the English army and names him Count. Ventadour thus becomes a county.
During the Hundred Years War, the castle passed into the hands of a famous brigand in the pay of the English: Geoffroy Tête Noire. For ten years, he sows terror in many countries before being dislodged by the troops of the Duke of Berry.
Louis de Ventadour and Catherine de Beaufort married their only daughter Blanche, the last heiress of the Ventadour family, to Louis de Levis de Mirepoix. Their descendants retain the name and coat of arms of Ventadour, we now speak of the Lévis Ventadour.
The County of Ventadour is raised to the rank of Duchy by Henri III: Gilbert III Levis-Ventadour is appointed governor seneschal of Limousin. In 1589, Gilbert III was granted the title of peer of the kingdom and Ventadour then became a Duchy peerage.
Following the French Revolution, the Castle of Ventadour was ransacked and then dispossessed of its architecture. An organized looting of its stones takes place reducing the building to the state of ruins.
The Castle is listed as a Historic Monument in Prosper Mérimée’s list.
1965 & 1972
An initial excavation work was carried out by Robert Joudoux and Abbé Léon Billet, and a first topographic study of the site was carried out by the AFPA of Egletons.
Duke Antoine de Lévis de Mirepoix, a descendant of the Lévis-Ventadour family, ceded ownership of the Castle to the village of Moustier-Ventadour.
1999 to 2013
The village of Moustier-Ventadour, with the help of the Community of Communes, implements a major program to safeguard the site, under the direction of the “Bâtiments de France”. New excavations are carried out by “Hadès Productions” and make it possible to ensure the conservation of the ruins and the understanding of the construction of the Castle over time.